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Ancient Greek Religion

Ancient Greek Religion, Basic Principles

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The official document as it has been notified to the authorities of the Greek state



The Hellenic Religion is time-honored and indigenous. It belongs to the category of primary, traditional religions, whose basic theoretic principles are closely related to one another. It has been systematically cultivated in Hellas (not exactly corresponding to modern Greece); it is in accord to the stages of historical development of the Hellenic Nation and fits the idiosyncratic characteristics of the Hellenes.


The natural system of the Cosmos is composed of all that exists; conversely, it perpetually produces all that exists. The Cosmos is self-generated, of the the whole of its substance, that contains its purpose in it; it is the father of itself, has no beginning and no end. Nothing exists out of the natural system of the Cosmos. Any ontologic category and/or class, including that of the Gods and everything else, to inorganic matter, exists within it. Any extra-Cosmic God and creator, any powers, good or evil, residing out of the whole of the Cosmic Order-of-Law  do not exist.

The primary substances of the Cosmos are Time, the Law and the two Cosmogonic Substances. They all are eternal. The infinite Space is full of the two Cosmogonic Substances, that can mutually react and compose Matter, which has real and objective existence and forms an infinite number of Universes. The infinite set of Universes constitutes the physically existent Cosmos. The purpose of the Cosmos is a buil-in feature; it is the development of Higher Conscience, a process governed by the sacred Law of Evolution.


The Psyche is a material corpuscle, specially processed. New ones are constantly generated physically, within the natural setting of the Cosmos. By entering into beings of coarsely material constituency, they give life to them, severally and differently. The Psyche is non-divisible, non-perishable, immortal and eternal.


Above the system that contains the order of mortal species, exist the Higher Worlds of the Gods. The Gods share the same constituence and are kin to all other beings. They can only be conceived as individualities, without mortal component; this is made possible due to the maturity of their psychic formation. They possess personnalities, and their consciences are of a higher than human order, which also applies to the potential of their minds, as well. Despite that, they are subject to perpetual evolution too.

The Gods are not in need of anything, coming from lower orders of evolution, be that material offerings or worship. Man offers divine worship to them for the purpose of honoring them as beings of a higher order and as high commissioners and observers of the orderly, harmonious andwell-governed function of the Cosmos.


As applies to all elements of the Cosmos, every Man possesses a particular and personal Psyche (Soul), that can be distinguished from any other Psyche, on the grounds of its constituence.

Man evolves through a protracted course of  reincarnations, the end of which is the development of Higher Conscience. Evolution of Man can only be achieved in the social setting, not in private. The preservation of national-historical-racial identity of each, is a vital prerequisite of uninterupted evolution. Equally important is the observance of each man’s traditions, manners and customs, religious beliefs and rituals, the language, sacred history, Heroogony and sacred literature. Above all, the preservation of the native land, which is considered sacred by far, being the cradle and the nurse of the Nation, is considered mandatory for the evolution of society. The evolution of Man is connected to positive social activity and political involvement. An outstanding point of reference of such activity is preservation of the national character of the State and the institution of legislation observing the precedence of the Law. It follows that hermitism and the monastic ideal, as well as any other practice leading to individual salvation are contrary to the traditional Hellenic Religion and worldvision.

HOLINESS OF THE COSMOS' the ethical consequences thereof

Holiness of the Cosmos is self-evident and absolute; any abuse of its elements constitutes a hybris (blasphemy). It is the duty of Man, being a simple but self-conscious member of the natural setting as a whole, to respect the Cosmos.

The ethical code of the Hellenic Religion is expressly stated; it is consequential to the Natural Law, that dictates the way of understanding of the Good; practising of the Good is mandatory for the evolution of Man. Wisdom, Justice, Moderation, compliance with the Law are also mandatory for the well being, the progress and the harmonious development of Man and Society. Respect of each personnality is conceivable only in the social setting,and is a very important part of ethical behavior; it guarantees the development of solidarity among citizens and the observance of human rights. Equality of the two genders, male and female, is based on theological grounds, is recognized by all, and stands in the religious hierarchy and ceremonial practice as well.

Sacred and holy locations of the Hellenic Religion are, in the narrow sense, the Hellenic territories; otherwise, any location of the world is considered holy. Some Hellenic locations are considered to be specially sacred, because of their traditional connection with epiphany of the Gods and because they were so recognized by the Panhellenic Society of antiquity; such places are: Delphi, Olympia, Delos, Dodoni, Samothrace, Eleusis, mount Lykaion, mount Olympus, the Acropolis of Athens etc.